AREA 11: Chieng Ban

CB1 Chieng Ban 1

Some kilometres before the Chieng Ban river reaches the Nam Mu river, the former disappears underground twice. First, the river disappears in a large porch that can be seen from Route No 6. The entrance is very big and beautiful to look at. The day before exploration, we had some rain during the night. The underground Chieng Ban could not drain all of that water and a big lake was created before the first entrance (see picture). At that time the underground river could not be followed very far. Temporary lake of the Chieng Ban riverat CB1 after a rainy nightHowever, during a reckon trip in 1995, the cave was already visited and the river was followed some hundreds of meters without caving gear and diving suit.  This entrance should be visited again, when no lake is present.

CB2 Chieng Ban 2

The resurgence of the underground river can be found on the other side of the hill, by following the river upstream, where beautiful mayflies hang around. Just before the entrance one climbs over large rocks and a fallen tree. The porch is quite narrow and high and gives into a water filled gallery where swimming is pleasant, once interrupted by a dry passage. On the right side a boulder slope can be climbed, which leads to another entrance higher up the hill which is less easy to access. On the right side the shallow water is followed Aquatic fun at the resurgence of Chieng Ban 2through a wide passage in which the ceiling lowers. In a remarkable turn to the right, flowstone and gour pools can be found, formed by a small inlet coming out of a tiny sump. Above it, there is a large and almost perfectly rounded hole (1m in diameter). The gallery, with white veins in the dark limestone gets narrower and the water flow faster. Here a labyrinthic network of small passages can be accesses behind red flowstone (not surveyed). After a turn to the left, the way on is divided in two by a large and long rock; the water flows on the right side, the left side is wider and dry, the bottom is covered with rounded pebbles in large, worn out solution pockets. Then one has to climb up to the fossil part, on top of blocks, as high as average Vietnamese houses. It's hard to estimate the dimensions of this huge chamber. The high ceiling may indicate that a doline is being formed and another karstic window will open. A hanging keystone between two blocks leads to the water again which is followed along the eastern wall. A large flowstone formation is seen, on top of which strange ‘bell-like' formations were found. On the left side there's a fossil passage through the flowstone. Behind this, the water is reached again by walking over logs. A narrow canyon in which the water flows very fast is followed. The ceiling, in which a parallel fossil passage can be distinguished, lowers. The way on is divided over about 15m and becomes more rectangular. Here the bottom consists out of a series of basins. The ceiling lowers again, where rapids precede the cascade of 2m, which was hard to climb because of the high discharge that day and the turbulence beneath it. On top of it, a slippery part leads to a small natural dam. About 40m further on, we arrived in the final 'room' in which two showers sprayed water down. This point is underneath the Chieng Ban lake... and the choke in the roof was nice and strong enough to hold while we were surveying out way back out.

CB3 Chieng Ban 3

Following the surface Chieng Ban river from CB2 further trough the valley for some 400m to the north, another vanishing point of the river is found. The underground river follows some big bends, with chambers on both sides of the river. The high chamber on the left side can be climbed on flowstone that gives into another chamber full of bats. The river stops rather quickly after some 200m on a sump. This sump looks just like the final sump of CB4, and it has exactly the same direction. Both sumps are probably close to each other.

CB4 Chieng Ban 4

The second resurgence of the Chieng Ban river is easy to find: it can be seen from Route No 6, just before the village of Cau Huoi Long, when coming  from Tuan Giao. The river resurges out of the hill, flows under the bridge of Route No 6 to reach the confluence with the Nam Mu river.

Following the Chieng Ban river upstream towards the resurgence, we climbed upon a small dam, made by the locals to tap water in the cave in a small underground lake. From here you can see the second entrance, higher on the slope. In a wetsuit, it’s a pleasant swim to the other side of the lake, where the Steve in the showers underneath the lake at the end of Chieng Ban 2underground river can be followed through a wide gallery. The riverbed only covers part a small of the gallery. From here, there are two ways on: leaving the river and follow the dry gallery, or continuing in the river. Following the dry gallery, it’s an easy walk through the cave. The cave goes gently upward, up to a boulder slope. Later on, we explored the surroundings outside and found a doline just above the boulder slope.  In this gallery, small cave pearls can be found. At the time the cave was explored, the water was high, and some ducks (duck1 and 2) had to be taken when following the other way on, swimming in the river. After a short distance, the river crosses the gallery, where a nice beach is a good pick-nick site. By diving under a flow stone, (duck 3), we reached an active gallery, not wider than the river, where the water is several meters deep. A long and more active gallery follows, with first another duck (duck 4) and then rapids, where the river is shallow and progression was faster. A first sump can be bypassed by a climb on the right side. One needs a small rope to go back down to the river.

The next day, the water wasn’t that high anymore, making duck 3 easy to pass. In the active gallery, fish were seen. After anchoring a small rope above a small pitch, we reached the other side of the sump behind the bypass. About 50m further, a second sump could easily be bypassed on the right side. From there,  the gallery gets larger, with dimensions resembling the end of CB3. The final sump also looks very similar to the one at CB3.

The four caves described above make up the complete system of the underground Chieng Ban river.